WP3 - Industrial Clusters

Assessing potential for CCUS at oil refineries within clusters

  • Transport, utilisation and storage options
  • Cost and operational efficiencies
  • CO2 capture levels
  • CO2 capture unit design

The overarching objective is to undertake a real-world assessment of the potential for CCUS at oil refineries, which are part of large CCUS clusters, such as the one proposed for Cork. It will assess how much carbon it is feasible to capture from an economic point of view, the plot size and associated utilities needed, and the efficiencies achievable from a cluster approach. It will also consider transport, utilisation and storage, including the storage options at the identified CCUS clusters. 


D3.7 High-level schematics (process flow diagrams) from Emitter to Storage

The estimated volume of CO2 that could be captured from the cluster of three emitters in the case study ranges from 1.61 million tonnes to 2.77 Million tonnes per annum (Mtpa) under the low and high scenario respectively. The base case anticipates 2.23 Mtpa of CO2 can be captured annually over a period of 25 years. The base case assumes the two power plants are operated at 55% load factor while Irving Oil Whitegate refinery is operated at 96% load factor and all plant are fitted with post combustion carbon capture rate of 90%. Further studies by REALISE are examining higher capture rate, possibly up to 99%. This report presents high-level schematics from emitter to storage.
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D3.6 Assessment of options to provide flexibility in the design and operation of the transport and storage network

This report presents an assessment of the flexibility of the systems in accommodating variations in CO2 supply, or in growth of the captured volumes to be stored.
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D3.5 Assessment of injection profile and infrastructure requirements to control & monitor of transportation pipelines and intermediate storage vessels

This study develops on a previous confidential report that presents an outline of the systems required to transport and store the captured CO2, either to indigenous storage – the depleted Kinsale Head gas field – or by ship transport to the Northern Lights storage system in Norway. Systems are designed to meet the captured rates mentioned above. In particular this report includes an assessment of injection profile and infrastructure requirements to control & monitor transportation pipelines and intermediate storage vessels.